Brushing techniques for preventing mats and tangles in your dog’s coat

If you have a dog with long or curly hair, you know how challenging it can be to keep their coat free of mats and tangles. Mats and tangles can cause discomfort, skin irritation, and even infection for your furry friend. That’s why it’s important to brush your dog regularly and use the right tools and techniques.

In this article, we will explain what causes mats and tangles, how to prevent them, and how to deal with them if they occur. We will also share some tips on how to make brushing a positive and enjoyable experience for both you and your dog.

What are mats and tangles?

Mats and tangles are clumps of hair that stick together and form knots in your dog’s coat. They can occur anywhere on your dog’s body, but they are more common in areas where there is friction, such as under the collar, behind the ears, under the armpits, between the legs, and around the tail.

Mats and tangles can be caused by various factors, such as:

– Lack of regular brushing
– Improper brushing technique
– Using the wrong brush or comb
– Excessive shedding
– Moisture or dirt in the coat
– Static electricity
– Hormonal changes
– Allergies or skin conditions

Why are mats and tangles bad for your dog?

Mats and tangles are not only unsightly, but they can also cause serious problems for your dog’s health and well-being. Some of the consequences of mats and tangles are:

– Pain and discomfort: Mats and tangles can pull on your dog’s skin and cause inflammation, irritation, and soreness. They can also interfere with your dog’s movement and restrict blood circulation.

– Skin infections: Mats and tangles can trap moisture, dirt, bacteria, and parasites in your dog’s coat, creating a breeding ground for infections. They can also prevent air from reaching your dog’s skin, causing it to become dry and flaky.

– Ear infections: Mats and tangles behind your dog’s ears can block air flow and create a warm and moist environment for yeast and bacteria to grow. This can lead to ear infections that can affect your dog’s hearing and balance.

– Eye problems: Mats and tangles around your dog’s eyes can cause irritation, inflammation, and infection. They can also block your dog’s vision and increase the risk of eye injuries.

– Heat stress: Mats and tangles can prevent your dog from regulating their body temperature properly, especially in hot weather. This can cause heat stress, dehydration, and heat stroke.

How to prevent mats and tangles?

The best way to prevent mats and tangles is to brush your dog regularly and thoroughly. Depending on your dog’s coat type, length, and condition, you may need to brush them daily, weekly, or biweekly. Here are some tips on how to brush your dog effectively:

– Choose the right brush or comb: Different types of brushes and combs are designed for different types of coats. For example, slicker brushes are good for removing loose hair and breaking up small mats; pin brushes are good for smoothing long or curly coats; bristle brushes are good for distributing natural oils and adding shine; metal combs are good for detangling fine or wiry hair; etc. You may need to use more than one type of brush or comb depending on your dog’s coat.

– Start with a dry coat: Brushing a wet coat can cause more damage and breakage than brushing a dry one. If your dog’s coat is wet or damp, wait until it is completely dry before brushing it. You can also use a blow dryer on a low setting to speed up the drying process.

– Use a detangling spray: A detangling spray can help lubricate your dog’s coat and make it easier to brush through. You can buy a commercial detangling spray or make your own by mixing water with a small amount of conditioner or apple cider vinegar.

– Work in sections: Start from the bottom of your dog’s body and work your way up. Divide your dog’s coat into small sections and hold each section with one hand while brushing it with the other. This will prevent pulling on your dog’s skin and causing pain.

– Brush in the direction of hair growth: Brushing against the direction of hair growth can cause more mats and tangles and damage your dog’s coat. Always brush in the direction of hair growth, from the head to the tail and from the spine to the belly.

– Be gentle and patient: Brushing your dog should not be a rushed or forceful process. Be gentle and patient with your dog and avoid yanking or tugging on their hair. If you encounter a mat or a tangle, do not try to rip it out with the brush. Instead, use your fingers or a metal comb to gently loosen it and then brush it out.

– Praise and reward your dog: Brushing your dog should be a positive and enjoyable experience for both of you. Praise and reward your dog with treats, toys, or affection during and after brushing. This will help your dog associate brushing with something good and make them more willing to cooperate.

How to deal with mats and tangles?

If your dog already has mats and tangles in their coat, do not panic. There are ways to deal with them without hurting your dog or damaging their coat. Here are some steps to follow:

– Assess the severity of the mats and tangles: Some mats and tangles are small and easy to remove, while others are large and tight and may require professional help. If your dog has severe mats and tangles that cover a large area of their body or are close to their skin, you may want to consult a groomer or a vet before attempting to remove them yourself.

– Use the right tools: To remove mats and tangles, you will need a metal comb, a slicker brush, a pair of scissors, and a detangling spray. Do not use a razor or a clipper to cut off mats and tangles, as this can cause skin injuries and infections.

– Spray the mat or tangle: Apply some detangling spray to the mat or tangle and let it sit for a few minutes. This will help soften the hair and make it easier to work with.

– Loosen the mat or tangle: Use your fingers or a metal comb to gently loosen the mat or tangle from the ends to the roots. Do not pull or tug on the hair, as this can hurt your dog and cause more damage. If the mat or tangle is too tight or too close to the skin, you may need to cut it out with scissors. To do this, slide the scissors under the mat or tangle and cut parallel to the skin, leaving some hair between the scissors and the skin. Be careful not to cut your dog’s skin by accident.

– Brush out the mat or tangle: Once you have loosened or cut out the mat or tangle, use a slicker brush to brush out the remaining hair. Make sure there are no knots left in the coat.

– Repeat as needed: Repeat these steps for each mat or tangle until your dog’s coat is smooth and free of knots.


Brushing your dog regularly and properly is essential for preventing mats and tangles in their coat. Mats and tangles can cause pain, discomfort, and health problems for your dog, so it’s important to remove them as soon as possible. By following these tips, you can keep your dog’s coat healthy, shiny, and beautiful.