Prong and choke collars for dogs

Prong and choke collars are often utilized to correct undesirable behaviors in dogs, including barking, pulling on the leash, jumping, or aggression. However, it’s essential to understand that these collars can cause significant harm to a dog’s physical and mental well-being. Consequently, most animal welfare organizations and professional dog trainers do not recommend their use. In this blog post, we will delve into the nature of prong and choke collars, their potential risks, and explore humane and effective alternatives for training your dog.

What are prong and choke collars?

Prong collars, also known as pinch collars, consist of metal chains with inward-facing prongs that dig into the dog’s neck when the leash is pulled. Choke collars, on the other hand, are either metal or nylon loops that tighten around the dog’s neck in response to leash tension or forward movement. Both collar types aim to inflict discomfort or pain to dissuade the dog from repeating the unwanted behavior.

How do prong and choke collars work?

Prong and choke collars work on the principle of positive punishment and negative reinforcement. Positive punishment means adding something unpleasant (such as pain) to decrease a behavior (such as pulling). Negative reinforcement means removing something unpleasant (such as pressure) to increase a behavior (such as walking). For example, when a dog pulls on the leash while wearing a prong or choke collar, they experience pain and pressure on their neck, which is supposed to make them stop pulling. When they stop pulling, the pain and pressure are removed, which is supposed to make them keep walking.

Why are prong and choke collars harmful?

Prong and choke collars pose several risks and potential harms:

  1. Physical Injuries: These collars can lead to various physical injuries, including cuts, bruises, abrasions, punctures, infections, nerve damage, tracheal collapse, eye problems, and even strangulation resulting in death.
  2. Psychological Distress: Dogs subjected to prong and choke collars may experience fear, anxiety, stress, frustration, aggression, or even learned helplessness, leading to compromised mental well-being.
  3. Damaged Relationships: The use of such collars can negatively impact the bond between the dog and their owner or handler, fostering distrust, resentment, or fear of punishment.
  4. Interference with Learning: Prong and choke collars may create confusion, inconsistency, or negative associations with specific stimuli or situations, hindering the dog’s learning process.

What alternatives can you use to train your dog effectively and humanely?

Prong and choke collars are unnecessary to train your dog. There are many alternatives that are based on positive reinforcement and reward-based methods. Positive reinforcement and reward-based teaching methods are highly effective approaches for training dogs. These methods involve rewarding desired behaviors with treats, praise, or play, which encourages dogs to repeat those behaviors.

By focusing on positive reinforcement, you create a positive learning environment for your dog, fostering trust, cooperation, and a strong bond between you and your furry friend. This approach emphasizes the use of rewards rather than punishment, allowing for a more enjoyable and stress-free training experience. Through consistent and clear communication, you can shape your dog’s behavior, teach them new skills, and promote their overall well-being.

For example, you can use a harness or a head collar that gives you more control over your dog’s body without hurting them rather than using a prong or choke collar to stop your dog from pulling on the leash. You can also teach your dog to walk nicely on a loose leash by rewarding them with treats or praise when they walk by your side or when they look at you.


Prong and choke collars are outdated and inhumane tools that can harm your dog physically and mentally. They are not effective for training your dog and can damage your bond with your furry friend. Instead of using these collars, you should use positive reinforcement and reward-based methods that are humane and effective. You will not only have a well-behaved dog but also a happy and healthy one.